Common vitamin and mineral deficiencies

Common vitamin and mineral deficiencies
May 22 05:13 2020 Print This Article

A nutritious and well-balanced diet has many benefits however, there are common vitamin and mineral deficiencies that people experience at different points in their lives. Diets lacking in nutrients can cause a variety of unpleasant symptoms.

The after-hours doctors at House Call Doctor have more information.

What are the common signs of vitamin and mineral deficiencies?

  • Brittle hair and nails: Lack of biotin, also known as vitamin B7, may cause brittle hair and nails. Biotin is involved in many body functions but in particular, it helps the body convert food into energy.
  • Mouth ulcers: Deficiencies in iron or B vitamins can cause lesions in and around the mouth.
  • Bleeding gums: Lack of vitamin C can lead to bleeding gums. Vitamin C plays an important role in healing wounds and boosting immunity. It can also help prevent cell damage.
  • Poor night vision: A nutrient-poor diet can sometimes cause vision problems and white growths on the eyes. This can be caused by low vitamin A intake.
  • Scaly patches and dandruff: Low intake of zinc, niacin, riboflavin and pyridoxine can lead to stubborn dandruff and scaly patches on the scalp, eyebrows, ears, eyelids, and chest.
  • Hair loss: This is a very common symptom and can be caused by a lack of various nutrients.
  • Red or white bumps on the skin: Inadequate intake of vitamin A and C may be linked to keratosis pilaris which leads to the appearance of red or white bumps on the skin.
  • Restless leg syndrome: Restless leg syndrome is often linked to low iron levels.

What are the most common nutrient deficiencies?

  • Iron deficiency: This is very common particularly among young women, children and vegetarians and can lead to anaemia, fatigue, and weakened immune system and brain function.
  • Iodine deficiency: This mineral is essential for thyroid function and the production of thyroid hormones. Lack of iodine can cause enlargement of the thyroid gland.
  • Vitamin D deficiency: This vitamin functions like a steroid hormone. Vitamin D deficiencies are very common.
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency: B12 is needed for blood formation as well as brain and nerve function. A deficiency is very common in vegetarians, vegans, and older adults.
  • Calcium deficiency: Calcium is essential for every cell in your body. Deficiency is very common in women of all ages and older ages.
  • Vitamin A deficiency: This vitamin is an essential fat-soluble vitamin that helps form and maintain healthy skin, bones, teeth and cell membranes.
  • Magnesium deficiency: Magnesium is a key mineral for bone and teeth structure and a deficiency is associated with many health conditions and diseases.
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Carol Gilmore
Carol Gilmore

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